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The U.S. Is Developing Ties To India Knowing They Have Strong Ties To Iran And Russia.

ArmchairPolitiicianIndia, November 6, 2017, by Brad Peery,
Blog site: www.ArmchairPolitician.US
Email: ArmchairPolitician.US@gmail.com

*On a visit to India, by the U.S. Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, India and the U.S. agreed to increase regional security and prevent other countries from providing a safe haven for terrorists. The U.S. and India plan to have talks with Afghanistan to increase regional stability. Unlike talks that Russia had with Afghanistan to seek peace, that included Pakistan, and did not condemn them for financing and providing a safe haven for terrorists, these talks will confront the Pakistani issues. Pakistan’s terrorist issues, should they grow, could undermine the stability of Pakistan. This could engender having their nuclear weapons fall into the hands of terrorists.

The U.S. has offered advanced military weapons to India, and hopes to facilitate a relationship between India and Japan. These weapons are being offered despite the fact that Russia is supplying weapons to India, and in October, 2017 India held joint military exercises with them.

With regard to the Iran relationship, India has renewed its financial relationship with Iran following signing of the Iran Nuclear Agreement. It has a port project called Chabahar. India sees the project as a possible deterrence to the development of Pakistan’s port of Gwadar, which is now fully run by China. India, Afghanistan and Iran signed a trilateral trade treaty for developing the Chabahar port project and beyond. Also, Iran has invited China and Pakistan to participate in the Chabahar Port project. India’s objectives in developing the port project appear to be severely compromised. Pakistan and China are likely to be involved in the project.

India owes Iran $6 billion for oil, which is being paid gradually. Tehran agreed in 2016 to keep the giant Farzad B gas field exclusively for Indian investment.

India has a strong relationship with Russia. In October, 2017, they held a joint military exercise with Russia that included India’s army, navy and air force. This was the first such military drill with Russia.

Russia has managed to maintain security partnerships with both India and Pakistan. At about the same time India and Russia held their military drills, Russia announced that Pakistan held negotiations with Russia on the purchase of S-35 warplanes. This is part of a broader Russian strategy in South Asia that showcases Russia’s increasing power in the international community. It also highlights Russia’s interest in directly competing with the United States and China for influence in the Asia-Pacific region.

The relationships of Russia and Pakistan are based upon joint efforts to combat international terrorism in Asia. To convince the Indian government of Moscow’s commitment to cracking down on facilitators of terrorism, Russian President Vladimir Putin supported India’s counter-terrorism raid in Kashmir after the 2016 Uri attacks and openly praised India’s counter-terrorism policies during his meeting with President Modi in June, 2017.

An additional Russian objective is to serve as a mediator to both India and Pakistan to address their issues in Kashmir. This seems to be of more interest to Pakistan than to India. However, from Russia’s standpoint they have stayed unbiased in dealing with differences between India and Pakistan.

Russia has even sponsored peace talks in Afghanistan to solve their terrorist problems. Moscow has given Pakistan a prominent diplomatic profile in the peace talks it has hosted on the Afghanistan crisis. This has served to convince Pakistan that it is impartial in its relationships with both India and Pakistan. This contrasts with the U.S. approach of supporting Afghanistan, and criticizing Pakistan for supporting terrorists, and allowing them to have a safe haven in Pakistan.
*U.S. India Agree to Bolster Security, Wall Street Journal, by Niharika Mandhana, October 25, 2017

ArmchairPolitician.US Opinion
The relationship the U.S. has with India is a complex one. India has declined to enter into a formal alliance with the U.S., probably because of their strong ties to both Iran and Russia. Such an alliance would undoubtedly undermine those relationships. However, India is a developing country and has a population almost the same size as the 1.4 billion people in China.

The U.S. relationship with China is a complex one. The U.S. needs them to attempt to de-nuclearize the Korean peninsula by shutting down the North Korean nuclear weapons and ICBM development programs. China has mixed feelings about this because of the possibility of the North Korean government failing, the possibility of having a democratic South Korea on their border, and millions of refugees streaming into their country from North Korea.

To strengthen the Asia region, the U.S. is trying to develop a relationship between India and Japan to fight China’s aggressive actions in the South China Seas. The U.S. is also trying to involve India in Afghanistan as participant in bringing stability to Afghanistan, and fighting Pakistan’s terrorist support.

Finally, the U.S. is working to develop a military relationship, including supplying weapons, with India.

See:
ArmchairPolitiicianIndia, September 10, 2017, by Brad Peery, WWW.ArmchairPolitician.US, ArmchairPolitician.US@gmail.com
India Has About The Same Population As China: Could It Could Be The Ideal Partner In Confronting China

See Also:
ArmchairPolitiicianIndia, July 27, 2017, by Brad Peery, WWW.ArmchairPolitician.US, ArmchairPolitician.US@gmail.com
India And The U.S. Have Substantial Common Interests: The Differences Should Be Solvable

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