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North Korean Foreign Workers Provide A Source Of Revenue To Fund Their Nuclear And Missile Programs. Poland Expels Such Workers. Will UN Sanctions Work?

ArmchairPolitiicianUnitedNationsNorthKorea, January 29, 2018, by Brad Peery,

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*In early 2018, Poland announced that it had ended the employment of several hundred North Korean workers, that live under slave-like conditions. Their wages are given to the North Korean government, which provides a source of revenues to support their nuclear and missile programs. The Polish action follows sanctions by the UN in December, 2017 that required that North Korea’s 100,000 foreign workers be sent back to North Korea within two years. The time was lengthened to 2 years from one at the insistence of the Russians.

The sanctions also reduced the import of refined petroleum by 89%. Such restrictions could gradually put pressure on North Korea. Nations will be urged to inspect all North Korean shipping and halt ship-to-ship transfers of fuel, which the North has used to evade sanctions. It will probably be difficult to police such transfers, and it could be Chinese companies that are facilitating such illegal oil imports by North Korea.
*UN Sanctions North Korea, Blocks Fuel, Ships and Workers
Business Standard, By Rick Gladstone & David E Sanger, December 24, 2017

In August, 2017, the UN Security Council blocked North Korean exports of coal, iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore and seafood, and in September, it blocked textile exports, curbed oil imports and called for inspections of ships that have visited the North’s ports.

ArmchairPolitician.US Opinion
The 100,000 foreign North Korea workers, if they each earn $20,000 per year, could provide about $2 billion per year of funding for the North Korean government’s military programs. This is an important source of revenue for North Korea, and could be reduced substantially over the next two years.The U.S. is working aggressively to get North Korean workers sent back home, but even if they are sent back in two years, little current pressure might exist. Russia uses North Korean workers. They voted for the sanctions, but required the U.S. to loosen some measures to get their approval. The timing of the returning of the workers was extended to two years because of Russia. The UN vote was 15-0, so China also voted for the sanctions.

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